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All About Avian Flu, The Disease Afflicting Viral TikTok Emu Emmanuel


All about bird flu, the disease that affects the TikTok virus Emu Emmanuel

Viral TikTok star Emmanuel, an emu, has fallen ill with bird flu.

Bathurst:

Viral TikTok star Emmanuel – an emu who has amassed a massive online following thanks to videos shared by his owner at Knuckle Bump Farms in Florida – reported avian flu.

Rancher Taylor Blake wrote on Twitter that wild geese brought bird flu to the farm, with many birds having died since.

When a large outbreak swept through poultry farms America and EnglandMany are now asking: What exactly is bird flu, and what do I need to know?

What is bird flu?

Avian influenza is a disease caused by influenza A virus that affects birds across many species.

It can have significant consequences for the poultry industry, given its potential impact on poultry health, production and even international trade.

Although bird flu does not usually infect humans, it is considered a virus that can be transmitted from animals to humans. That means it can be transmitted to humans through contact with infected birds, and sporadic cases have been seen during outbreaks in poultry.

Some avian influenza viruses are more pathogenic than others. Pathogenic means pathogenic, so if highly pathogenic avian influenza enters a poultry farm, it can cause sudden and significant death.

It was reported The outbreak on the farm where Emmanuel lives is a highly pathogenic strain that has been affecting poultry and wild birds in the US. as of January 2022.

Even low pathogenic strains can make birds unwell and cause them to lay fewer eggs.

Avian influenza infection in humans can cause a wide range of clinical symptoms, from mild upper respiratory tract symptoms to severe pneumonia.

Some strains of avian influenza, such as highly virulent H5N1 and H7N9can cause serious illness in humans, and in some cases, even death.

Recommended standard treatment for humans is with antivirals, and will depend on individual circumstances and severity of symptoms.

In poultry, the most common route of infection is through contact with infected wild birds. This can be direct contact or exposure through water contaminated with wild bird droppings.

In general, an outbreak of avian flu on a poultry farm means that many birds must be culled in an effort to stop the spread.

Is there an outbreak of bird flu in Australia?

Australia is classification of the World Organization for Animal Health Avian influenza immunity in poultry flocks. However, we currently have low-level circulation of low-virulence influenza viruses in wild birds.

We have had several outbreaks of high and low virulence avian influenza in Australian poultry in the past, with the most recent outbreak affect farm in Victoria. Many birds were culled to eradicate the disease and in all cases the eradication was successful.

None of the viruses causing these outbreaks in Australia have caused illness in humans. However, it is important that we use hygiene and biosecurity practices when working with poultry.

We currently do not have H5N1 in Australia; Waterfowl, the bird most likely to carry the virus, did not migrate to Australia. In addition, Australia has very strict biosecurity measures to prevent diseases from entering through imports. Therefore, the risk of introducing this strain into the water is very low.

Most of the measures to reduce the risk of avian influenza outbreaks in Australian poultry have focused on reducing contact between wild and domestic birds.

That means limiting the access of wild birds that can get to the farms, as well as protecting and treating water sources.

Over the past decade, we have seen an increase in the number of domestic outbreaks in Australia. Beforeresearchsuggestions This increase may be related to the increase in the number of free-range birds over the past 30 years.

A piece of paper In 2019, my co-authority modeled how intervention strategies could reduce risk, noting that:

Switching 25% of conventional indoor farms to free-range farming would increase the risk of a highly pathogenic avian influenza outbreak by 6–7%. Current water treatment methods are highly effective, reducing the risk of disease outbreaks by 25–28% compared with no water treatment.

Halving wild bird presence in food storage areas could reduce risk by 16–19% while halving wild bird access of potential bridge species to Housing can reduce the risk of disease outbreaks by 23–25%.

A major outbreak in Australia would cost the industry a great deal, result in large numbers of bird deaths and potentially pose a health risk to humans.

Although avian influenza vaccines are available for poultry, they are only considered if the outbreak is widespread.

Following appropriate biosecurity practices on poultry farms continues to be the most important preventive tool we must have to avoid outbreaks.Conversation

(Author: Marta Hernandez-JoverProfessor of Veterinary Epidemiology and Public Health, Charles Sturt University)

(Public statement: Marta Hernandez-Jover receives funding from the Australian Research Council and the Australian Rural Development and Research Corporations.)

This article was republished from Conversation under Creative Commons license. Read original article.

(This story has not been edited by NDTV staff and was automatically generated from the syndication feed.)

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