Tech

Amazon will begin testing ultra-low-carbon fuels for delivery in 2023


Amazon is partnering with Infinium to test the use of so-called e-fuels in its mid-range diesel fleet. announced. Company invested in Infinium last year is part of our goal to reach net carbon by 2040. “We’ve been developing this technology for over a decade and we expect our electric fuels to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. about 95% compared to traditional fossil fuels,” Infinium CEO Robert Schuetzle said in a statement.

As part of this, Infinium plans to build one of the first electric fuel generation facilities in Texas, using renewable-generated hydrogen and about 18,000 tons of recycled carbon waste each year.

Amazon notes that a quarter of greenhouse gas emissions are generated by the transportation industry. Infinium’s e-fuel is said to help combat that by combining green hydrogen (from electrolysis) with captured CO2 that would otherwise be released from industrial plants. CO2 and hydrogen are combined into “synthesis gas”, which is then converted to liquid fuel via a catalyst. The resulting “drop-in” fuel can be used directly in existing, unrepaired diesel trucks.

Amazon Infinium e-fuel for delivery trucks

Amazon

The trucks still emit carbon emissions, but they’re already manufactured by industrial plants anyway, so it’s supposed to be zero-powered. Electric fuel is twice as expensive as traditional fuel, Infinium explained.

Obviously there are some issues to be aware of – the first one being that the renewable energy used to generate hydrogen would be much better put to use in battery-electric vehicles. And neither Amazon nor Infinium explain where they get the 95% off number, so I’ll take that with a big salt. Finally, despite the 2040 net zero pledge, Amazon’s emissions increased significantly last year – and that’s probably too low a number.

However, it can act as an intermediate step. Infinium has previously noted that Amazon will “need liquid fuel for a long time” for land, marine and air travel. Amazon is also taking other measures, like using green hydrogen (rather than gray hydrogen derived from fossil fuels or other fossil fuels) to power 30,000 forklifts and 800 trucks. heavyweight. It also invests in companies that develop more efficient and capable hydrogen electrolysis machines order 100,000 delivery electric cars from Rivian.

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