The caucus is expected to include Pope Francis, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Secretary General Antonio Guterres.
Mr. Ebrard explained that such a closed-door meeting was necessary, because the war in Ukraine has had a range of global consequences, including food and fuel shortages, disruptions to the world economy, polarize the multilateral system and lead to an atmosphere of distrust and international instability.
“Just when it seemed like a post-pandemic recovery was drawing near, we saw war in Ukraine with the risk of nuclear failure and potentially catastrophic consequences,” he said. .
Mexico’s Foreign Minister emphasizes the paralysis of the UN Security Council the course of the conflict, highlighting the country’s failure to act to prevent armed aggression by one of its members, and directing a diplomatic process to seek a peaceful resolution and negotiate.
Furthermore, he noted that the Security Council was unable to secure the necessary humanitarian assistance, nor was it able to fully support the work of the Secretary-General and other actors to manage access to these types of people. cereals and fertilizers produced by the Russian Federation and Ukraine.
Proposal to mediate the conflict
“For these reasons, the President of Mexico proposes that a delegation, or closed-door meetings of heads of state and government, will encourage and accompany the efforts of the Secretary-General to promote measures peace and confidence building between the Russian Federation and Ukraine. This will allow us to use the peaceful settlement mechanism within the framework of the uncharted“, I said.
Secretary of State Ebrard explained that the intention is to create a diplomatic channel that complements the existing ones for interacting with the conflicting parties, de-escalating tensions and a channel of reconciliation.
Mexico has presented its proposal to the interested parties and will continue to carry out the necessary consultations “with the sole purpose of being able to contribute, as an equitable member in good faith.” and give the greatest support to the efforts and good office of the Secretary-General and the caucus. In this regard, Mr. Ebrard said: “We hope that the establishment of this caucus will have the support of the Member States of the United Nations.”
Abuse of veto power
Mr. Ebrard attributed the paralysis of the Security Council to the abuse of the so-called veto power by some permanent members of the Council. He recalled that his country, along with France, had proposed an initiative requiring permanent members not to resort to veto power in situations of mass atrocities. The proposal has so far received the support of 106 States.
In addition, Mexico and 83 other countries have promoted an accountability mechanism under which the General Assembly is urged to hold an emergency session whenever a veto is registered in the Security Council and invites The author of that veto explains their position.
“We now have to make a decision about whether we want to take the next steps to prevent this system from becoming more paralyzed by the mass suffering of people,” he said.
Restoration of faith
To conclude, Secretary of State Ebrard emphasized that the door to political dialogue and diplomatic negotiations cannot be closed. “Current international tensions will not be resolved by force. We must ensure political understanding and trust-building mechanisms. Well, restoring trust is one of our biggest challenges,” he added.
In this regard, he expressed the country’s confidence that the UN continues to be a single instrument of the international community for peaceful resolution of conflicts and progress towards sustainable development.