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Biden says Russia “shamefully violates” UN charter principles

US President Joe Biden arrives in New York City on Tuesday.
US President Joe Biden arrives in New York City on Tuesday. (Mandel Ngan / AFP / Getty Images)

President Biden is expected to formulate the administration’s line to reform the United Nations Security Council in the face of clear violations of the UN charter by one of the council’s permanent members: Russia.

A senior State Department official said: “The council needs to be more representative of the people of the world, and it needs to include countries that are willing to uphold the charter and work together to solve problems. joint,” a senior State Department official said Tuesday, ahead of Biden’s speech to the United Nations General Assembly.

It remains to be seen what the US President will say specifically on the matter and whether the US will make specific proposals this week.

“I expect that the President will talk about the substance of the question of UN Security Council reform while he is in New York. Whether he did so publicly or he spoke privately with the Secretary-General and others, we are still working today,” national security adviser Jake Sullivan said Tuesday. .

US Ambassador to the UN Linda Thomas-Greenfield noted earlier this month that the US had concurred in support of a “veto resolution requiring permanent members to explain their veto rights before the General Assembly. ” She also said the Security Council should “better reflect current global realities and incorporate more geographically diverse perspectives”.

Biden is not expected to directly call for Russia to be removed from the Security Council, but is expected to be more specific about reforming the council than he has done in the past.

One official suggested that the US could push for an expansion of permanent members of the council.

Currently, there are five countries with permanent seats and veto power in the council: the United States, Russia, China, France and the United Kingdom.

“Historically, we have named three countries that we believe should be Security Council members: Germany, Japan, India,” the senior State Department official noted. “So maybe, if the President starts a real conversation, and we get back to serious negotiations about what it’s going to be like, then those countries will benefit. We will support it. ”

However, they also say that “the idea is to expand it further,” noting that “we have an entire continent with no permanent representation” on the council.

Officials say this is an important issue to pursue, especially in light of Russia’s involvement in the war in Ukraine. The senior State Department official also accused Beijing of violating the principles of the UN charter, citing Beijing’s reaction to Speaker Nancy Pelosi’s visit to Taiwan as an example.

CNN’s Kevin Liptak contributed reporting to this post.

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