Highlighting a wide range of violations of human rights and international humanitarian law, the report documented numerous cases of “attempted murder”, arbitrary detention, enforced disappearance, torture and ill-treatment, and conflict-related sexual violence.
“The hostilities continue to kill and injure civilians as well as destroy and damage civilian infrastructure.” speak The head of the HRMMU, Matilda Bogner, pointed out that hostilities “not only endanger the lives of civilians, but also causes them to live in degraded conditions and deprive them of their rights to health, education, housing, food and water.“.
Since the invasion of Russia on February 24, the mission has recorded 5,996 people died, including 382 children, and 8,848 were injurednote that the actual figure is much higher due to the inability to obtain complete information from the conflict areas.
According to HRMMU, cases of forced disappearances and arbitrary detention are common in the territory controlled by the Russian armed forces or affiliated armed groups, as well as cases of torture and ill-treatment. with civilian detainees.
“The prohibition on torture and arbitrary deprivation of life is absolute and applies in conflict and non-conflict contexts to everyone,” Ms. Bogner said. “Offenders must be held accountable, victims and their loved ones must enjoy the right to redress and the truth“.
HRMMU also records cases of rape, including one girl; sexual violence used as torture or ill-treatment of men; forcible undressing in public – and other forms of sexual violence, such as forced nudity, unwanted sexual contact, sexual abuse and threats of sexual violence.
Prisoners of War
The report also shows that Ukrainian prisoners of war (prisoners) were subjected to torture or cruel and degrading treatment.
“Such abuse…seems systematicnot only when they were arrested, but also after they transferred to the internment place in the territory of Ukraine occupied by the Russian Federation and in the Russian Federation itself“, the head of HRMMU said, calling it a “serious violation of international humanitarian law” that Russia must address.
Meanwhile, some Russian prisoners of war were also tortured and mistreated by the Ukrainian armed forces.
“There must be timely and effective investigations on all allegations of violations of international humanitarian law and human rights law, including torture, ill treatment, arbitrary detention and sexual violence,” she continued, adding that “regardless of their has nothing to do with it”, the perpetrator needs to be “justly prosecuted”.
‘Narrowing the civic space’
Invasive services have severely affected the rights of people with disabilities and the elderly, most of whom are women, leaving them without health care, without adequate housing, heating, water and electricity.
Furthermore, a number of journalists, media workers and bloggers have been killed in areas controlled by the Russian military or affiliated armed groups.
The report highlights that freedom of expression, including access to the media, has been restricted in the occupied areas.
“We are concerned that the residential space is shrinking and the environment is highly restrictive in the areas occupied by the Russian Federation. prevent people from reporting human rights violations they have experienced or witnessed‘ said Mrs. Bogner.
© UNICEF / Ashley Gilbertson
The report made recommendations to both governments and the international community, and called for swift action to improve human rights at home, better protect civilians and strengthen accountability.
Ms. Bogner assured that HRMMU would “continue to document and report incidents in the field and give a voice to the victims”.
“We consider this an essential part of finding ways to prevent further violations and hold those responsible for violations that have occurred.”