The conflict, now in its seventh month, has also sparked a global food, energy and financial crisis that is pushing many people into extreme poverty, and fears of nuclear disaster. potential causes are increasing.
“As I said at the beginning, This senseless war has unlimited potential for terrible harm – in Ukraine, and around the world, “head of the UN” remember.
“There is only one way to end suffering in Ukraine – and that is to end the war.”
The Secretary-General described the news yesterday that more than 250 prisoners of war had been exchanged between Ukraine and Russia as a welcome development.
“I commend the efforts of both sides and hope that they will build on this foundation exchange more towards an ‘all for all’ formula, he said, thanking Türkiye and Saudi Arabia for their role in securing the deal.
‘The suffering and devastation are indescribable’
The meeting was held on the sidelines of the annual debate at the UN General Assembly and brought together Foreign Ministers from countries serving on the 15-member Council, Ukraine, the European Union and others.
Mr Guterres said the war had caused “unspeakable suffering and devastation” in Ukraine, and the latest developments – including the possibility of a nuclear disaster – would only lead to “An endless cycle of terror and bloodshed.”
Thousands of civilians were killed or injured, hundreds of them children, while some 14 million were forced to flee.
“Daily, on average five children are killed or injured. Almost every child in Ukraine is traumatized by the nightmare of war, from violence to separation of families,” he said.
‘Category of Cruelty’
UN human rights office, OHCHRalso recorded reports of “catalog of cruelty,” including summary executions, sexual violence, torture, and other inhuman and degrading treatment of civilians and prisoners of war. painting.
The latest accounts of burial sites in the city of Izyum are “extremely disturbing”, he added.
A Truth Search Mission about the deadly explosion at a detention facility in Olenivka in July has been established and members are ready to deploy “as soon as all necessary guarantees are received”.
Satisfy the need
Meanwhile, the UN continues to work to alleviate suffering, including through the Secretary-General’s direct engagement with the Presidents of Russia and Ukraine.
The organization and its aid partners have so far provided humanitarian aid to nearly 13 million people.
With support from Türkiye, the UN also brokered a landmark agreement in July to resume food and fertilizer exports from three Ukrainian ports on the Black Sea.
Since then, more than 4.3 million tons of food have been shipped to nearly 30 countries. This includes supplies to the World Food Program (WFP) operating in Afghanistan, the Horn of Africa and Yemen.
“It is important that these food shipments continue and increase, so the commodity market stabilizes further,” he said.
The Council also heard Karim Khan, Prosecutor at International Criminal Court (ICC), which investigates genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity.
The ICC opened an investigation into the Ukraine situation just weeks after the war began. Officers are continuing their forensic work and have maintained a presence in the country since May.
“Through this work, a picture will emerge. And the photo I’ve seen so far is really disturbing,” said Mr Khan.
“I have been to Ukraine three times, and one who has witnessed much devastation, suffering and harm has strengthened my determination, and my previous finding, that there is reasonable basis to believe. that crimes within the jurisdiction of the Court have been committed. . ”
Protecting the international order
According to Antony Blinken, Secretary of State for the Biden Administration, Russia’s war in Ukraine has fostered “significant solidarity” between the countries.
He said defending Ukraine’s sovereignty and territorial integrity is not simply standing up for the right to choose one’s own path.
Blinken said: “The fundamental right is to protect the international order, where no country can redraw another country’s borders by force.
“If we don’t defend this principle, when the Kremlin is explicitly violating it, we send a message to aggressors everywhere that they too can ignore it. We put every country at risk. We open the door to a less secure, less peaceful world.”
Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov criticized the basis of the meeting, saying that atrocities committed during the eight-year war in eastern Ukraine went unpunished.
“Over the past few years, the Kyiv regime has launched a direct attack on the Russian language to blatantly trample on the rights of Russians and Russian-speaking people in Ukraine,” he said.
Mr. Lavrov reported that the Ministry of Education had excluded Russian language and literature from the school curriculum.
“Books are being destroyed like in Nazi Germany, and ethnic Russians are suffering from intolerance. And today, Ukrainian officials are no longer even trying to hide their anti-Russian feelings, calling for the killing of Russians,” he said.
Furthermore, his country “does not trust” the work of the International Criminal Court (ICC), “and we expect nothing more from this institution or all other international organizations.” .
‘There is no peace without justice’
Ukraine’s Foreign Minister, Dmytro Kuleba, was adamant that Russia would not win the war.
“Today, every Ukrainian is a weapon ready to defend Ukraine and the principles enshrined in uncharted. Russia will fail and will bear full responsibility for the crime of aggression and consequent war crimes, crimes against humanity and genocide,” he said.
Mr. Kuleba also believes that justice will be served as national authorities, their partners and pro-Ukraine states, are working with the ICC to gather evidence of the crimes committed. in war.
“We are not only indebted to thousands of victims, but also to future generations in Ukraine and beyond. There will be no peace without justice,” he said.