Europe is waiting for Nord Stream 1 to restart when supply is unstable | Oil and Gas News

The European Commission is asking the bloc’s member states to consider cutting their natural gas output by 15% over the next eight months.

The European Union is urging member states to reduce their gas use by 15 percent between August and March next year, over concerns that Russia could cut off the flow of gas to the continent.

Bloc of 27 countries, defeated by a record heat wave and Inflation soarscould soon face a dangerous energy crisis.

Kaushal Ramesh, senior gas analyst at Rystad Energy, a research firm based in Oslo, Norway, told Al Jazeera: “European gas markets have experienced months of confusion and worry when Russia’s gas supplies fluctuate. “Much of this is beyond Europe’s control.”

Russian President Vladimir Putin has indicated that gas shipments through the Nord Stream 1 pipeline will restart shortly after Maintenance is complete but be warned that flow may be restricted unless disputes over sanctioned parts are resolved.

More than a third of Russian gas shipments to the EU pass through the Nord Stream 1 pipeline. It has been shut down since July 11 for annual maintenance; Deliveries are expected to resume on Thursday.

“The general expectation is that the flow through Nord Stream tomorrow will reach a maximum capacity of 67 million cubic meters, but this number could drop to 30 million in the coming days as the second turbine is currently in need of maintenance.” Ramesh explained.

The conflict in Ukraine has disrupted supplies, and is expected to continue to impact energy flows.

European nations are having a hard time replenishing their gas reserves ahead of the winter months. Natural gas is essential to heating homes and power plants, and an energy crisis could further threaten Europe’s shaky economic recovery from a recession. caused by the pandemic.

Nord flow with amphibious vehicles.
Nord Stream with amphibious vehicles [File: Bloomberg]

EU countries will now review the allocation scheme put forward by the European Commission. Under the proposal, the bloc’s member states must reduce their gas use by 15% from the average for the same months from 2016 to 2021. Ministers will discuss action on Wednesday. Six for ratification next week.

Nord Stream divisions and politics

Kremlin-controlled Gazprom reduced gas shipments through the Nord Stream 1 pipeline to 40% of capacity last month. Russia said the cuts were attributed to a delay in returning a turbine that Siemens Energy was servicing in Canada.

This week, it was reported that the department, which has been affected by sanctions against Russia for its invasion of Ukraine, is making a comeback. On Wednesday, Gazprom said it had yet to receive the necessary paperwork to reinstall the turbines. It emphasizes that equipment maintenance and turbine resumption are essential to keep the pipeline running.

Russian President Vladimir Putin attends a press conference after the Astana Process summit in Tehran, Iran
Russian President Vladimir Putin attends a press conference after the Astana Process summit in Tehran, Iran [File: Majid Asgaripour/West Asia News Agency via Reuters]

In previous statements, Putin stated that one of Nord Stream 1’s five Siemens Energy-operated gas pumping units failed to function because of “broken inner lining” and the second was expected to be repaired. shipped for maintenance on 7/26.

Mr. Putin said that if one component of the pipeline is not returned to Russia because of sanctions, the link will only operate at its potential 20% as soon as next week as another part currently in Russia needs to be repaired. maintenance.

“If another one comes, two will work. If not, only one, so 30 million cubic meters will be pumped every day,” he told reporters late Tuesday in Iran following conversation with the leader of the country.

Putin also stated that Gazprom, the Russian gas export monopoly, was not the cause of the decrease in the amount of gas that could be shipped to Europe.

He blamed Kyiv for closing a route through Ukraine but Ukrainian authorities claimed the shutdown was due to Russian aggression.

European nations had been scrambling for alternative energy supplies long before Russia invaded Ukraine as fuel demand skyrocketed as economies opened up after being hit by the pandemic.

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