The country’s national weather service said this year France has experienced its hottest year since records began, as global warming raises temperatures around the globe.
A flurry of extreme weather exacerbated by climate change has ravaged communities around the globe this year, including sweltering heat and drought across Europe that has wilted crops and burned forests. and causes large rivers to be reduced to a trickle.
France saw persistently high temperatures during consecutive heatwaves from May to October, accompanied by extreme events such as wildfires in areas such as northwest Brittany and damaging marine heatwaves. in the Mediterranean.
“The year 2022 will be the hottest year on record in France since the measurements started – so at least from 1900 – that’s for sure,” even if December is very cold, said Matthieu Sorel, home climatology at Meteo France, said in a press conference.
It estimates the average temperature for the whole year will be between 14.2 degrees Celsius and 14.6 degrees Celsius depending on December temperatures. That’s a significant increase from the previous record of 14.07C. recorded in 2020 and is the highest level since records began in 1990.
Annual rainfall is expected to be 25% below normal, with July rainfall 85% below average. The driest year in France was 1989, with a 25% shortfall in rainfall.
The eight-month drought in France became the third longest drought on record in the country, after 17 months in 1989-1990 and nine months in 2005.
Across Europe, exceptionally high summer temperatures have led to the worst drought the continent has seen since the Middle Ages.
Crops have withered in Europe’s granaries, as a historic drought has triggered record wildfire intensity and put heavy pressure on the continent’s power grid.
China and North America also experienced unusually high temperatures and exceptionally low rainfall between June and August.
An analysis by an international team of climate scientists in October found that human-caused climate change had made droughts across the Northern Hemisphere at least 20 times more likely, and warned Such extreme dry periods will become more and more common with global warming.
The World Meteorological Organization said in a report in November that the earth had warmed more than 1.1 degrees Celsius since the late 19th century, with about half of that increase occurring in the past 30 years.
Globally, if projections for the rest of 2022 hold, the United Nations says each of the past eight years will be hotter than any year before 2015.
Greenhouse gases that account for more than 95% of warming are all at record levels, WMO’s annual State of the Global Climate Report shows.
In the European Alps, glacier melt records were broken in 2022, with thickness losses averaging three to more than four meters (from 9.8 to more than 13 feet), highest level ever recorded.
Switzerland has lost more than a third of its glacier mass since 2001.
(This story has not been edited by NDTV staff and was automatically generated from the aggregate feed.)
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