Speaking to journalists after the meeting, the UN chief said he had spoken to leaders about the climate emergency and the “triple global crisis” on food, energy and finance.
Mr. Guterres told rallying leaders that the devastation he has witnessed this month in Pakistan, where floods cover about a third of the country at its height, has come with warming. global rise is 1.2 degrees; The world is currently on an overall rise of more than three degrees.
The meeting was billed in advance as a “frank and informal exchange” of views between the leaders, co-chaired by Mr Guterres and Egyptian President Abdel Fattah Al Sisi, and an opportunity to address key issues ahead of the United Nations’ COP27 conference on Climate Change, to be held in the Egyptian resort of Sharm El-Sheikh in November.
‘Fossil fuels are killing us’
Since last year’s conference in Glasgow, Scotland, climate impacts have worsened, and carbon emissions have risen to record levels, hitting vulnerable communities hardest.
Four burning issues were addressed in informal talks: emissions mitigation, climate finance, adaptation, and loss and damage.
As for mitigation, Mr Guterres told leaders that although emissions must be cut by almost half by 2030, they are on track to increase by 14%. He called on representatives of the world’s leading economies – the G20 nations – to phase out coal, increase investment in renewable energy and end “fossil fuel addiction”.
“The fossil fuel industry is killing us,” he said, “and leaders are out of step with their people, who are calling for urgent climate action.”
UN News / Conor Lennon
Below the 2015 mark Paris Agreement On climate change, developing countries have been promised $100 billion a year to fund initiatives to help them cope with the effects of global warming.
To date, that goal has not been achieved. The head of the United Nations declared that financial commitments to the developing world must be delivered immediately and in full.
“I emphasize the need to double adaptation support to $40 billion a year by 2025,” continued Mr. Guterres. “Climate devastation is happening right now. People are suffering now.”
On the eve of COP27, the Secretary-General expressed his hope that this event will move these discussions forward, on the issue of climate justice, international solidarity and trust.
Cooperation to lower the price
The G20 Heads of State and Government Summit will take place in Bali in November, in the final days of COP27, and Mr. Guterres called on the leaders to make important decisions to address. the triple crisis of food, energy and finance.
He called for international cooperation and solidarity to reduce prices that have been high since COVID-19 pandemic and the war in Ukraine, increase support for developing countries, and prevent a bigger crisis next year.
Mr. Guterres stated that international financial institutions must also promote and provide debt relief to developing countries, and new mechanisms to provide resources to countries that need them must be strengthened and improved. extend.