Human activity impacts from climate change to pollution are “devastating” marine life, with nearly 1 in 10 aquatic plants and animals assessed as endangered, new Red List on threatened species showed Friday.
The report was released to coincide with the United Nations summit on nature in Montreal, where UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres called on countries to end the “destruction” and adopt an agreement to prevent prevent and reverse habitat loss.
More than 1,550 of the 17,903 marine plant and animal species are assessed by the International Union for Conservation of Nature as endangered, according to the latest list that serves as a measure of biodiversity and is widely published. times per year.
“It shows we’re having a devastating impact on marine species,” Craig Hilton-Taylor, head of the IUCN Red List, told Reuters.
“Being underwater, you can’t really see what’s going on. And so, by assessing the state of the species, it gives us a real indicator of what’s really going on there. , and that’s not good news.”
Hilton-Taylor said the proportion of marine species facing extinction is likely to be much higher than currently available because those analyzed so far tend to be common, current fish species. not threatened.
The IUCN says the population of manatees, a stout, gray herbivorous mammal commonly known as the manatee, has dropped to less than 250 adults in East Africa and less than 900 in its New Caledonian territory. France, the IUCN said.
Among the threats they face are the loss of their main food source, seagrasses, from oil and gas extraction and production in the case of Mozambique, and pollution from nickel mining in the Pacific Ocean.
The latest list looks for the first time at abalone species, a mollusk sold as a luxury seafood commodity, and finds that about 44 percent of them are facing extinction. . The IUCN said that increasingly severe and frequent sea heat waves have caused mass fish deaths by causing disease and killing their food sources.
Cylindrical corals, a Caribbean species that resemble vertical stalactites, slide down two categories from “vulnerable” to “critically endangered”. Its population has shrunk by more than 80% across most of its range since 1990 amid bleaching and epidemics.
“The dire state of these species will shock us and force us to act urgently,” said Amanda Vincent, chair of the Marine Conservation Committee of the IUCN Species Survival Commission’s Marine Conservation Commission. know.
(Except for the title, this story has not been edited by NDTV staff and is published from an aggregated feed.)
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