Nearly 200 countries pledge to protect 30% of the planet’s land and oceans

Nearly 200 countries have agreed to protect 30 percent of Earth’s land and oceans by 2030. deal was reached early this morning at the United Nations Conference on Biodiversity (COP15) in Montreal after two weeks of negotiations. The only ones not following the deal are the United States and the Vatican, although the Biden administration has a domestic plan to conserve 30 percent of the land and water of the United States by 2030.

With this agreement, each participating country agrees to achieve more than 20 environmental goals by the end of the decade. An important condition is the so-called 30×30 plan to protect at least 30% of land, inland waters and coastal areas by 2030. That forms the basis for an international agreement similar to the Agreement. determined Paris climate accord 2015.

Along with protecting habitats, countries have pledged to reduce pesticide risks by 50%, reduce nutrient runoff from farms and the rate at which invasive species are introduced into ecosystems.

Countries now have eight years to stop anthropogenic loss of biodiversity due to tropical deforestation, species exploitation, pollution, etc. Previous agreements, such as biodiversity goals was set up in Aichi, Japan in 2010, has seen countries fall short of the set targets. However, this time there is a monitoring framework to track progress.

In addition to protecting species, draft agreement COP15 urges countries to recognize and respect “the rights of indigenous peoples and local communities, including their traditional territories.” However, Amnesty International wrote that the agreement was a “missed opportunity to protect the rights of indigenous peoples”, as it did not explicitly recognize their lands and territories as a separate type of protected area.

Another point of disagreement is between rich and poor countries over funds. The countries in South America and Africa with the world’s largest rainforests want assurances from rich countries that they will receive money to fight poaching, illegal deforestation and other problems, follow washington articles.

At one point in the negotiations, delegates from developing countries dropped out of the negotiations on funding issues. Columbia’s environment minister, Susana Muhamad, said the deal had to be “fitted with resources and ambition”. Democratic Republic of Congo’s environment minister, Ève Bazaiba, added that “when it comes to fauna, we need the means to achieve this goal.”

The COP15 agreement follows a breakthrough agreement in Climate Conference COP27, approved climate damage funds for developing countries. However, how well the plan will be implemented remains to be seen. “Although the deals are great, if we’re going to save life on Earth, now we have to roll up our sleeves and do it,” said Tanya Sanerib of the Center for Biodiversity Written. “The planet faces an extinction crisis that humanity has never seen before, with 28% of species globally facing extinction.”

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