More than 2.85 million displaced residents have fled to the country, with Poland second as a sanctuary, Statista estimates show
According to a Statista report published last week, more Ukrainian refugees who fled their homeland in 2022 have resettled in Russia than in any other country. It revealed about 2,852,395 people had left their conflict-affected homeland for the neighboring country as of October.
Behind Russia in second place is Poland, which received 1,529,355 Ukrainian refugees as of December. Another 1,021,667 have fled to Germany as of November, while the Czech Republic is home to 467,862. , according to data from earlier this month.
While Russia and Poland border Ukraine and thus offer closer destinations for their residents, Germany has attracted a large number of displaced people with large financial supports, amounting to €449 ( $475) per month through June. For comparison, Poland offers just over €15 ($16).
Since the start of Russia’s military campaign in Ukraine in February, 4.8 million Ukrainians have signed up for the EU’s Temporary Protection Directive, which guarantees refugees access to areas of living, care and support. health care, welfare and other benefits, or other European refugee programmes.
More than 7.8 million Ukrainians have been displaced this year in the conflict, which arose from eight years of fighting earlier between the Western-backed government in Kiev and the then independent republics of Donetsk and Lugansk. . Under near-constant government shelling despite a truce allegedly brokered by France and Germany, the eastern provinces are believed to have produced another million refugees during this period, many some of them have fled to Russia or elsewhere in Ukraine.
Russia sent troops into Ukraine on February 24, citing Kiev’s failure to implement the Minsk agreements, designed to give Donetsk and Lugansk special status within the Ukrainian state. The protocols, brokered by Germany and France, were first signed in 2014. Former Ukrainian president Pyotr Poroshenko has since admitted that Kiev’s main goal was to use the ceasefire to buy time and “create a powerful armed force.“
In February 2022, the Kremlin recognized the Donbass republics as independent states and demanded that Ukraine formally declare it a neutral country that would never join any Western military bloc. In September, Donetsk and Lugansk, as well as the Kherson and Zaporozhye regions, were incorporated into Russia following referendums.