Russia-Ukraine war in maps and charts

NEW DELHI: Russian forces continue to push deeper into Ukraine as President Vladimir Putin seeks to take over the nation of 44 million people in the biggest-ever land assault in Europe since World War I two.
Stand firm in the face of its belligerent neighbour, Ukraine, led by their heroic President Volodymyr Zelenskyyis fighting fiercely to drive out the Russian army and protect its independence.
The ongoing conflict, which began last month, has also caused a major humanitarian crisis in the Eastern European country with thousands of people desperately fleeing war and millions looking at shortages. severe shortage of essential resources.
Here are 10 charts detailing the invasion, its background, and Ukrainian-Russian history…
Four Axis Attack


Putin’s plan to invade Ukraine suggests that the path to war may have been mapped out by Moscow months in advance.
Russian forces have clearly used four axes – Kyiv, Kharkiv, Mariupol and Kherson – to take over the country, according to Reuters, citing a report by the Institute for the Study of War, a US-based think tank.
– Kyiv Axis: Russia’s main push into the capital – a giant steel column, stretching for kilometers along the road to Kyiv – has largely been blocked off for days, Western governments say, but shelling continued in the capital.
– Kharkiv Axis: Although under siege, Kharkiv has not yet fallen into Russian hands.
-Mariupol Axis: The southeastern port city of Mariupol remains under Ukrainian control but it has been besieged by Russian forces and suffered fierce attacks that have collapsed civilian infrastructure and trapped residents. stuck.
– Kherson Axis: The Russian Defense Ministry said on March 2 that they had occupied the port town of Kherson. It can use it as part of a strategy to potentially move to Mykolaiv and then to Odessa.
More than 2 million people have fled Ukraine

The place of Ukrainian refugees

According to the latest reports, at least 2 million people have left Ukraine since the February 24 invasion.
Most of the refugees have crossed to the European Union in eastern Poland, Slovakia, Moldova, Hungary and northern Romania.
Unicef, the UN’s children’s agency, believes that about half of all refugees are children and young adults.
David vs Goliath

military imbalance

Ukraine has begun to increase defense spending since its annexation of Crimea in 2014. Western military aid, including the supply of American Javelin anti-tank missiles and Turkish drones, has increased further strengthen the armed forces of this country.
Even so, Ukraine is in no way nearly as powerful militarily as its neighbour.

graphic ukraine5

According to SIPRI’s Military Spending Database, Russia is the 8th largest military spender in the world while Ukraine comes in at 40th place.
Ukraine’s armed forces, with more than 200,000 serving members, excluding paramilitary, are less than a quarter of the size of Russia.
Separatist regions
On February 21, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed a decree recognizing two breakaway regions of Ukraine as independent entities, the self-proclaimed Donetsk People’s Republic (DPR) and Luhansk People’s Republic (LPR).


Russian-backed separatists in the Donetsk and Luhansk regions – collectively known as the Donbass – broke away from Ukrainian government control in 2014 and declared themselves independent “people’s republics”, has not yet been recognised. That was the same year Russia took over an area in southern Ukraine called Crimea.
Since then, Ukraine says about 15,000 people have been killed in the fighting.
Russia denies being a party to the conflict but has backed the separatists in a number of ways, including through clandestine military support, financial aid, a Covid-19 vaccine, and at least 800,000 supplies. Russian passports for citizens. Moscow has always denied plans to invade Ukraine.
Nord Stream 2


Due to Moscow’s recognition of the Donbass region, Germany has halted a major undersea pipeline project designed to double the direct flow of Russian gas to Germany.
German Chancellor Olaf Sholz’s decision to suspend the Nord Stream 2 approval process is arguably the most far-reaching response to Moscow’s move.
West axis
One of the main reasons behind Putin’s aggression is Ukraine’s growing proximity to the European Union.
Ukraine wants to be part of both the EU and NATO, which Russia is strictly against.


Putin is concerned that Ukraine’s growing ties to the West could turn the country into a potential launch pad for NATO missiles aimed at Russia and could also inspire Russians with a pro-Western vision. against him.
The prospect of NATO admitting Ukraine as a member or garrisoning weapons that can hit Russia is a “red line” for Moscow.

graphic ukraine4

On February 14, President Zelenskyy said his country would continue to seek to join the transatlantic military alliance Nato despite pressure from Russia, further angering Putin.
Ukraine’s pivot to the west is also evident in its exports and imports. Russia currently accounts for only 8% of Ukraine’s international trade, while that with the European Union has increased to 42%.
Play brother
Putin said that Russians and Ukrainians are one people who share a “single historical and spiritual space” and that the emergence of a “wall” between them in recent years is tragic. . Kyiv rejected his argument.
Mr. Putin considers Ukrainians and Russians to be two brother nations and says that since Russia is the eldest brother, there is a need to take responsibility.

graphic ukraine3

About 44 million people live in Ukraine and nearly 3 million in the capital, Kyiv. Russian influence is huge, especially in the urban, industrial east, where Russian is the predominant language in many districts along the Ukrainian border as well as in Crimea to the south.
Naturally, Russian influence is huge in Ukraine, especially in the urban, industrial eastern region, where Russian is the main language in many districts along the Ukrainian border as well as in Crimea to the south.
Atomic alarm
Last week, Putin’s forces attacked the Zaporizhzhia nuclear power plant, Europe’s largest nuclear power plant, raising fears of a catastrophic nuclear accident.
A building at the complex caught fire during fierce fighting with Ukrainian defense troops.

graphic ukraine2

Fears of a potential nuclear disaster at the plant sent alarms across capitals around the world before authorities said a fire at a building identified as a training center had broken out. is extinguished.
Worried about Russia’s actions, the International Atomic Energy Agency said it was the first time war had broken out in a country with such an advanced and established nuclear power program.
About half of Ukraine’s electricity is generated from 15 reactors with most of its nuclear services and fuel imported from Russia.
The US Embassy in Ukraine called the Russian attack on the Zaporizhzhia plant a “war crime”. Pentagon spokesman John Kirby said it showed how reckless the Russian invasion was.
(With input from agencies)

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