“If nothing is done, The effects of terrorism, violent extremism and organized crime will extend far beyond the region and the African continent”, said the Secretary-General António Guterres, in his comment issued by its Office of the Spokesperson.
“One international breakthrough coordination is urgently needed. We must rethink our collective approach and express creativity, beyond existing efforts.”
Insecurity is making the “catastrophic humanitarian situation even worse”, he said, leaving some national governments seen as having no access to their citizens.
Meanwhile, “Non-State armed groups are tightening their deadly encirclement of the region and are even looking to expand their presence. into the countries of the Gulf of Guinea. “
Mr. Guterres said during the meeting of national leaders, during the Summit Week summit, the indiscriminate use of violence means thousands of innocent civilians suffer the consequences, while millions more were forced out of their homes.
“Women and children in particular are bearing the brunt about growing insecurity, violence and inequality,” he said, given the human rights abuses, sometimes perpetrated by security forces mandated to protect civilians, “was very commendable. concerns “.
And crises are being compounded by climate change, the UN chief said, with soil erosion and water depletion, “thus contributes to severe food insecurity and exacerbates tensions between farmers and ranchers. “
“Amid global turmoil in energy, food and financial markets, the region is threatened by a systemic debt crisis that has the potential to have consequences across the continent. “
The UN chief bluntly said that conventional international financial measures are not helping as more and more countries are forced to channel precious reserves into debt repayment, making it impossible for them to pursue recovery. comprehensive recovery or enhanced resilience.
“That is absolutely necessary to change the rules of the world’s financial reporting game. These rules of the game today are completely against the interests of developing countries, and especially the interests of African countries,” said Mr. Guterres, “with the debt problem, the liquidity problem, the problem. Inflation, with its instability, is necessarily posed by this profound injustice in international economic and financial relations”.
Democracy, constitutional order
The head of the United Nations called for a “renew our collective efforts to promote democratic governance and restore constitutional order“Over the entire Sahel, stretching from Senegal in the west to northern Eritrea and Ethiopia in the east, a belt below the Sahara is up to 1,000 km.
Mr. Guterres said that the rule of law and full respect for human rights are indispensable to ensure security and sustainable development.
Addressing national leaders and senior politicians in the region, he said the UN “is ready to work together with you, with urgency and solidarity, for a peaceful, stable Sahel.” and prosperity.”