kill Shanquella Robinson is being investigated as a kill womenAn unfamiliar term to many in the United States as this sex-motivated crime is not yet defined by US law even though it is a global issue.
Robinson, a 25-year-old student at Winston-Salem State University in North Carolina died in October while staying in a luxury rental in the Mexican state of Baja California Sur.
Prosecutors in Mexico are seeking the extradition of one of Robinson’s friends as a suspect in the case. Daniel de la Rosa, the attorney general of Baja California Sur told local media last week that an arrest warrant had been issued for murdering a woman, or killing a woman because of her gender, in relation to Robinson’s case.
No one has been charged in the case, and authorities have not released the names of Robinson’s friends.
Unlike Mexico and other Latin American countries, the United States does not have a law that recognizes the killing of women as a different crime than murder, which some experts say does not mean murders targeting women. female is not occurring in the US at an alarming rate.
“The murders of women happen all the time in America, and many of the famous murders that we all have a sense of are actually killing women, but we don’t label them,” he said. Dabney P. Evansdirector of Emory University’s Center for Humanitarian Emergencies, who studies violence against women.
As the investigation into Robinson’s death continues, here’s what you need to know about what counts as the murder of women in Mexico, why gender-based violence is such a big problem globally and why pundits say that including the crime of murder of women in U.S. law can help women.
Murder of women is the most extreme form of gender-based violence (GBV) and is defined as “the intentional killing of women because they are women”.
Femicides fall into two categories: intimate and non-intimate. The former refers to the killing of women by current or former partners, while the latter refers to the killing of women by people with whom they have no intimate relationship.
In most countries, murder of a woman is no different from murder in criminal law, but Mexico is among at least 16 countries that consider murder of a woman a specific crime.
Under federal law in Mexico, people can face up to 60 years in prison if convicted. The difference between murder or unlawful murder and murder of women varies from state to state in Mexico.
Beatriz García Nice, head of the Wilson Center, said there may be a history of violence – sexual or not – and threats, or “for example, if the victim is in the community, and if she is being bullied killed and her body in public.” initiative on gender-based violence.
A video that has gone viral online in recent weeks appears to show a physical altercation inside a room between Robinson and another person. Her father, Bernard Robinson, told CNN that his daughter was seen in that video being thrown to the floor and hit in the head.
It is unclear when the video was filmed or if it depicts the moment Robinson was injured that led to her death.
“Although there are laws against the killing of women in Mexico, the main problem is enforcement,” says García Nice. The number of cases of gender-based violence, she said, is underreported in national statistics and the law is “unenforced” in the justice system.
García Nice says nearly 95% of the murders of women in Mexico go unpunished. “If you’re guilty of murdering women, there really isn’t much chance of you being convicted for that crime. And that’s one of the reasons why we see that rates are still very, very high.”
Alejandra Marquez, an assistant professor of Spanish specializing in the study of gender and sexuality in Latin America and the Caribbean at Michigan State University, said the “feminicidos” crisis in Mexico began a few decades ago and was last First attracted national attention in the 1990s when hundreds of women were killed in the Mexican border city of Ciudad Juarez.
“There used to be this idea, especially in central Mexico, where it was like ‘women are being killed at the border,’ but since it’s spread across the country, it’s become an unprecedented phenomenon. can no longer be ignored. ,” Marquez told CNN.
“When you’re in Mexico, it’s part of the daily conversation,” Marquez added.
The disproportionate murders of Black women, the disappearance or murder crisis of Indigenous people, and the deadly shootings of women at Atlanta-area spas in 2021 are, experts say some examples of possible cases of murder of women.
“As a society, we need to realize that these are not one-off deaths. These things are in fact linked to masculine patterns of violence, and we need to think more carefully about preventing that kind of violence, says Evans, a scholar at Emory University.
An analysis of the murder data of Center for Violence Policy found that 2,059 women in the US were killed by men in 2020 and 89% knew their perpetrators.
For Evans, having a murder law in the United States will not solve the problems of toxic masculinity, patriarchy, and misogyny that lead to gender-based violence but the term can “allow us to talk about the phenomenon” and prevent it from happening.
Currently in the United States there are laws addressing gender-based violence and domestic violence monitoring mechanisms, but these laws are flawed.
Federal hate crime law covers violent or property crimes that are at least partially motivated by prejudice against race, religion, disability, sexual orientation, ethnicity, gender or gender identity. At the state level, the definition of hate crime varies, and some states do not include bias based on gender.
Earlier this year, federal lawmakers re-authorised the Violence Against Women Act. The law is intended to protect and support survivors of domestic violence, sexual assault and stalking – all of which are documented precursors to female murder cases.
In celebration of the bill’s passage in March, President Joe Biden said more needs to be done to address the problem.
“No one, regardless of gender or sexual orientation, should be abused. Stage = Stage. And if they do, they should have the services and support they need to get through. And we will not rest.”
An estimated 81,100 women and girls around the world were intentionally killed last year, with about 56% of them perpetrated by an intimate partner or family member. UN report published last week shows.
It is difficult to describe the full scope of gender-based violence, the report said, because about four in 10 homicides reported by authorities “do not have contextual information to enable them to be identified and counted as a gender-related murder.
“These rates are alarmingly high, as we can see; however, that is just the tip of the iceberg,” said Kalliopi Mingeirou, head of the Department of Ending Violence against Women at UN Women, one of the organizations that compiled the report.
Mingeirou said when a murder of a woman is not legally classified to know what it is, the police cannot properly investigate. Other challenges in preventing and stopping the killings of women include a lack of resources and training for law enforcement authorities.
“What women and girls around the world deserve is a world that respects their choices, respects their rights,” says Mingeirou. “We need equal rights. We have a fundamental right to be free from violence because if we are free from violence and harassment, we can achieve and thrive in this world.”