South Sudan: Vice President highlights commitments and challenges to peace |

The Revive Peace Agreement, signed by the government and opposition groups four years ago, ended years of conflict in the world’s youngest, independent nation since July 2011.

“Thanks to relative peace, internally displaced people and refugees have returned home voluntarily, although more formal reintegration remains a challenge due to limited resources,” said Mr. ‘ Mr. Abdelbagi said.

Roadmap and challenges

Furthermore, the parties have agreed on a roadmap for completing the remaining tasks under the agreement, which will pave the way for elections when the transition period ends in 2025.

The vice president added that a command structure for the National Unity Forces had also been established, describing the development as “a huge leap forward” towards their transformation and regularization.

However, the implementation of the peace agreement is facing a number of challenges, “and sanctions imposed by international partners on individuals and entities that are not consistent with this progress. ”, he said.

Amendment of targeted sanctions

“We are calling on the international community, and the United Nations in particular, to amend the individual and targeted sanctions and arms embargo imposed on South Sudan, so that the successful completion of the The remaining terms of the peace agreement are outlined in the new Roadmap.”

Floods and food insecurity

Mr. Abdelbagi also reported on other obstacles facing South Sudan. Up to 80% of the country has been affected by floods in the past three years, which clearly shows that “climate change is real”.

To mitigate impacts on lives and livelihoods, authorities are funding $10 million for the United Nations World Food Program (WFP) to assist displaced communities.

“However, we need the support of the international community to reach all areas and communities affected by floods and droughts,” he said.

The government also carried out an analysis earlier this year, which found that an estimated 6.8 million people, more than half the population, are facing food insecurity, with about 2.37 million people at the emergency level.

“Severe food insecurity is worsened by a combination of shocks including flooding, prolonged drafts, physical insecurity, and the effects of COVID-19“I said.

Impact of COVID-19

Addressing the pandemic, Mr. Abdelbagi reports that South Sudan was able to contain it Coronavirus spread “through thoughtful and targeted actions”. As a result, morbidity and mortality are very low.

As of May 9, only 17,513 confirmed COVID-19 cases, including 138 deaths, have been reported since the start of the pandemic, and vaccine coverage is 45% in humans. great.

“Despite these positive health news, the pandemic has had negative effects on the economy, starting with a severe decline in domestic production and revenue, dragging down the economy,” he said. followed by an increase in the cost of living.

“These economic consequences are far-reaching, severely undermining, for example, the formation of human capital, especially in education, as lockdowns deprive children of this age of learning. going to school.”

Promoting peace through reconciliation

Abdelbagi also highlighted South Sudan’s efforts to promote peace and stability, both in the region and beyond.

The country successfully mediated the armed conflict in neighboring Sudan, leading to the signing of a peace treaty in 2020.

“South Sudan is ready to mediate the current conflict between the military and the Forces for Freedom and Change (FFC) in Sudan so that Sudan can finally enjoy lasting peace,” he said.

Recently, authorities have offered to mediate between Egypt and Ethiopia in their disagreement over the construction of Ethiopia’s Great Renaissance Dam, and in other situations including the Tigray conflict.

By engaging in bringing peace and stability to the region, South Sudan has demonstrated its ability as a reliable partner in efforts for regional and national peace and security, he said. economic.

“Furthermore, the Republic of South Sudan is contributing a battalion of peacekeepers as part of the East Africa Force to bring peace in Eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Turning to the war in Ukraine, Agany pointed out how it has devastated the lives of the country and affected the global economy.

“From an ethical point of view, the Government of South Sudan is calling on Russia and Ukraine to end all forms of hostilities and resolve disputes through diplomatic and constructive dialogue to prevent further consequences.”

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