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Spying, affidavits, passports: What’s new in US Trump poll | Donald Trump News

The US Department of Justice has said protest release an affidavit – or sworn legal document – that will reveal the rationale for raiding former US President Donald Trump’s Mar-a-Lago estate.

Federal law enforcement’s response comes in the form of details of the investigation – focusing on remove documents from the White House and have launched a political melee – which continues to emerge. US media have reported that FBI agents searched for classified documents related to nuclear weapons, among other documents, during a search last Monday.

Trump has claimed any removed documents were previously declassified.

The investigation has transformed Political landscape ahead of the upcoming midterm elections in November, while also kicking off debate over laws the former president may have broken and whether the verdict will bar him from running for office in 2024.

Here are some key questions to be answered:

Why is the ‘affidavit’ related to the Mar-a-Lago search in the news?

The Justice Department did not speak officially about the investigation, with Attorney General Merrick Garland move instead to unseal some documents related to the transducer.

What has not been sealed is the document that federal prosecutors give the judge to obtain search warrant to enter Trump’s property. That affidavit will set forth the evidence the DOJ has gathered to show that a raid on the home of a former US president was justified.

Both lawmakers and Republican news agencies have called for the oath not to be sealed, with the former calling for the document to be shown before Congress in secret meetings. Trump has also called for the release of the “unanswered” affidavit.

For their part, Justice Department lawyers said the release would “cause significant and irreparable damage to this ongoing criminal investigation” by providing “road maps.” ” for how investigators approach the investigation. They said the document contained “highly sensitive information about witnesses” and other evidence in the case.

What has been revealed about the investigation?

The DOJ has sealed the search warrant and a number of accompanying legal documents related to the investigation, showing that the FBI seized 11 sets of classified documents from Mar-a-Lago, including some that were not just marked. classified as top secret but also “sensitively distributed information” – a special category intended to protect the most important national secrets that, if disclosed publicly, could cause “particularly severe” damage. “for the interests of the United States.

The subpoena also revealed exactly the violations for which Trump is being investigated: A law that prohibits the unauthorized deletion or destruction of records from a federal office; laws prohibiting the falsification or destruction of records in a federal investigation; and the so-called Espionage Act, which prohibits the “collection, transmission, or loss” of defense-related information for the purposes of information that could be used to harm the security or national interests of the United States. Ky.

Violation of any law is punishable by a fine or imprisonment, with compounding offenses punishable by up to 33 years in prison.

Why so much focus on the Espionage Act?

The Espionage Act, passed in 1917, gained particular attention following the investigation, with Republican Senator Rand Paul continuing longtime criticism of the act, which he called “first amendment discomfort”.

Passed just weeks after the United States entered World War I, the law has been used to stem opposition to conflict, according to the Center for Free Speech at Middle Tennessee State University, notably through through a provision that provides penalties for “anyone who obstructs enlistment in the armed forces or causes noncooperation or disloyalty in the army or navy”.

Over the next decade, several high-profile cases were prosecuted under the act, including that of Robert Hanssen and Aldrich Ames, both convicted of acting as double agents for the KGB while infiltrating the FBI. and the CIA.

In modern times, the law is more commonly used to target individuals accused of leaking classified information, including former National Security Agency employee Edward Snowden, as well as Reality Winner, the woman accused of leaking classified information indicating Russian interference in the 2016 US election.

Can Trump run for re-election amid investigation?

The investigation has the potential to become a boon or bust for Trump’s 2024 presidential ambitions, with the former president and his supporters touting the investigation as further evidence that he is being bullied. unfair targeting in a “witch hunt” establishment.

But what the conviction might mean for Trump’s candidacy remains unclear, and charges or convictions do not disqualify an individual from running for president in the United States.

Marc Elias, a Democratic election attorney, noted that one of the violations Trump is being investigated, for the unauthorized deletion or destruction of records from public office, claimed that someone was convicted of “shall be stripped of office and removed from holding any office under the United States of America”.

However, Elias and other legal scholars have noted that the law would likely be overridden by the US constitution, which states that the only requirement for a presidential candidate is that the individual be a citizen. Normal birth of the United States, residency for 14 years, and age 35 or older. However, Elias noted that the situation could leave Trump facing a protracted legal battle amid the campaign landscape.

Other legal scholars have noted that Trump alleged role inciting the January 6, 2021 riots at the U.S. Capitol, although unrelated to the FBI investigation, could be the basis for any election victory challenged, with Rick Hasen, a UCLA law professor, note The 14th Amendment to the United States Constitution prohibits the president from any person who has “previously sworn…as an officer of the United States… in favor of the Constitution of the United States,” who then “joins the oath… into revolt… against the same”.

What is the deal with Trump’s passport?

Trump raised eyebrows this week when he said the FBI had “seized three of his passports” during the raid on Mar-a-Lago, noting that one had expired.

Trump is not known to have dual citizenship with any other country. At least one of the passports referenced may refer to diplomatic passports issued to US presidents.

The passports were returned to Trump on Monday.

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