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Tensions Rise in Libya as Risk of ‘Parallel Governments’ Grows, Security Council Hearing – Global Affairs

Rosemary DiCarloThe Secretary-General for Political Affairs and Peacebuilding, also pointed to an increase in reported human rights violations, hate speech, defamation and threats, as well as violence against activists, journalists and political actors.

“Libya is currently facing a new period of political polarization, which threatens to split institutions and reverse the gains made over the past two years,” she warned.

Political deadlock

Outlining recent developments, the Secretary-General reiterated that Libya’s last planned elections – scheduled for December 2021 – has been postponedwith the country’s National Election Commission citing inadequacies in electoral law and challenges related to candidate eligibility.

In February, the House of Representatives is based in the east of the country voted appointed a new Prime Minister and government, in the face of opposition from the internationally recognized Prime Minister, Abdul Hamid Dbeiba, who refused to resign.

However, the House of Commons went ahead with the formation of a new government, appointing Fathi Bashagha, a former Interior Minister, as the new Prime Minister.

On 24 February, the High Council of State – based at the internationally recognized government center in Tripoli and born out of the 2015 UN-Supported Libya Political Agreement – rejected the claim. proclamation of parliament, causing a serious deadlock that is now erupting once again. increase tensions in the conflict-affected country.

Rosemary DiCarlo, Secretary-General for Political Affairs and Peacebuilding, summarizes the Security Council meeting on the situation in Libya.

UN photo / Loey Felipe

Rosemary DiCarlo, Secretary-General for Political Affairs and Peacebuilding, summarizes the Security Council meeting on the situation in Libya.

East v West: Proposed ‘joint committee’

On March 3, members of Mr. Bashagha’s cabinet were sworn in before the House of Commons.

While the situation on the ground remains relatively calm, reports are emerging of threatening rhetoric, rising political tensions and a split in allegiance among armed groups in western Libya.

“Our priority is to focus on meeting the aspirations of the more than 2.8 million Libyans who are registered to vote,” DiCarlo said. Security Council.

They will be able to choose their leaders through credible, transparent and inclusive elections under an agreed constitutional and legal framework, she added.

Against this backdrop, the Secretary-General’s Special Counsel, Stephanie Williams, proposed the creation of a joint committee consisting of members of the House of Commons and the High Council of State, with the aim of reaching agreement on the constitutional basis leads to election in 2022.

Ms. Williams also continues to pursue consultations with many of Libya’s political and security organizations and civil society, and has offered her good offices to mediate between Abdul Hamid Dbeibah and Mr. Bashagha .

Economic and human rights challenges

Ms. DiCarlo also briefed the Council on the ongoing security, economic and human rights challenges in Libya, warning that the Council has seen an increase as tensions rise across the country. country.

On the economic front, she highlighted the lack of oversight and clarity on public spending, noting that no national budget has been approved for 2021 and the fierce controversy over budget payments is hindering operations. of the Libyan National Oil Corporation.

She pointed to an increase in hate speech, defamation and threats, as well as incitement to violence and acts of violence against activists, journalists and political actors, including women.

State and non-state organizations arbitrarily arrest and detain human rights activists, and migrants and refugees at sea continue to be intercepted by the Libyan authorities and transferred to detention centers. where they are believed to have committed serious human rights violations.

However, citing reports of torture, starvation, extortion and death in custody, she said the United Nations had noted a decline in the number of internally displaced people across Libya, from end of 2021 to March 5.

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