A 24-year-old man from central Uganda’s Mubende district developed symptoms and subsequently died; There are currently eight suspected cases under care.
The government and the World Health Organization (WHO) say an Ebola outbreak has been declared in Uganda after health authorities confirmed a relatively rare case of the Sudan strain.
“We want to inform the country that we have an outbreak of Ebola, which we confirmed yesterday,” Diana Atwine, permanent secretary of the Department of Health, told a news conference on Tuesday. .
The patient in the confirmed case, a 24-year-old man from Uganda’s central Mubende district, developed symptoms and subsequently died.
Atwine said the man had a high fever, diarrhea, abdominal pain and vomiting blood. He was initially treated for malaria.
WHO Africa Office said there are currently eight suspected cases being cared for in a health facility, adding that it is helping Uganda’s health authorities investigate and deploy staff. to the affected area.
“Uganda is no stranger to effective Ebola control. Matshidiso Moeti, WHO Regional Director for Africa, said, “Thanks to our expertise, we have taken action to detect the virus quickly, and we can rely on this knowledge to prevent further spread of the virus.” spread of infections.
Uganda has excellent experience in handling outbreaks and epidemics of this nature. The @MinofHealthUG sent teams to Mubende County to increase surveillance and raise public awareness. The public is encouraged to remain vigilant and calm as teams take necessary actions. https://t.co/HIN5mU1kvj
– Ministry of Health- Uganda (@MinofHealthUG) September 20, 2022
The WHO says there have been seven previous outbreaks of the Ebola strain of Sudan, four in Uganda and three in Sudan.
It said Uganda last reported an outbreak of the Sudan Ebola strain in 2012 and an outbreak of Ebola Zaire stress in 2019.
The global health agency added that the death rate from the Sudan virus has varied from 41% to 100% in previous outbreaks.
It notes that the round vaccination of high-risk individuals with the Ervebo vaccine has been highly effective in controlling the spread of Ebola during recent outbreaks in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and elsewhere but this vaccine is only approved to protect against Zaire stress.
First identified in 1976 in the DRC (then Zaire), the virus whose natural host is bats has since caused a series of epidemics in Africa, killing about 15,000 people.
Human transmission is through bodily fluids, with the main symptoms being fever, vomiting, bleeding, and diarrhea.
Outbreaks are difficult to contain, especially in urban environments.