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UN adopts resolution to limit space junk from anti-satellite missile tests


United Nations General Assembly through the A resolution today asks countries not to conduct direct ascent anti-satellite tests (ASATs) that generate space junk. The United States leads this measure after the International Space Station (ISS). there was a call near last year with more than 1,500 pieces of debris from a Russian ASAT.

measure no ban development or testing of ASAT systems, but it discourages conducting them in a way that creates space debris. Although it comes from the United Nations General Assembly and not the Security Council, it is not legally binding.

In addition to creating a maritime hazard for astronauts, space junk is alsoreflect sunlight to the earth’s surface, interfere with ground-based telescopes. Furthermore, the researchers expect orbital debris to increase in intensity over the next decade as internet-broadcast mini-satellites, such as SpaceX’s Starlinkpopular development.

Vice President Kamala Harris, chair of the White House National Space Council, tweeted Praise today for the passage. “Back in April, I announced that the United States would not conduct destructive anti-satellite missile tests and I called on other countries to join us. Today, 155 countries voted in favor of the United Nations resolution, helping to establish this as an international standard in space.”

Of the four countries that have conducted ASAT – the United States, China, India and Russia – only the US voted in favor today. Apart from Russia and China, the voting countries did not include Belarus, Bolivia, Central African Republic, Cuba, Iran, Nicaragua and Syria. Nine more countries abstained: India, Lao PDR, Madagascar, Pakistan, Serbia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Togo and Zimbabwe.

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