‘Truth Mission’ will investigate allegations of human rights abuses in Iran, with a particular focus on women and children.
Loud applause broke out when the 47-member council passed the resolution on Thursday, with 25 countries voting in favor and 16 abstaining. Six countries – Armenia, China, Cuba, Eritrea, Pakistan and Venezuela – voted against the measure.
“Iranian people, of all walks of life, ethnicities, ages, are demanding change,” said UN human rights chief Volker Turk, calling on Iran to end the use of “disproportionate” force against protesters.
“I call on the authorities to immediately stop using violence and harassment against peaceful protesters and release all those arrested for peaceful protest, as well as… death penalty” he say.
The resolution is the latest move by the international community to pressure Iran over allegations of abuse linked to the protests, which erupted in September after Mahsa Amini, 22, died after being injured. start. arrest by the “ethical police” for violating the country’s strict dress code.
Since then, protests have spread across the country, causing harsh reaction from the Iranian government.
Turk said more than 300 people have been killed since Amini’s death, while 14,000 people have been arrested, including children. He added that Tehran had not responded to his request to visit the country.
In a new published statement sanctions against Iranian security officials earlier this week, the United States said the crackdown had been “particularly severe” in areas of the country with a large Kurdish population.
Iran has not released a death toll for the protesters.
Thursday’s vote drew praise from several countries, including WEForeign Secretary Antony Blinken said it showed the top UN human rights body “recognized the seriousness of the situation in Iran”.
“The fact-finding mission established today will help ensure that those involved in the ongoing violent crackdown on Iranians are identified and their actions recorded,” Blinken said. know in a statement.
Human rights groups also celebrated the resolution, with Amnesty International describing it as “historic”, while Human Rights Watch said it was “a welcome step towards accountability”. submit”.
But it was condemn by Iran’s representative at the Geneva meeting, Khadijeh Karimi, who called it “politically motivated”.
“The Islamic Republic of Iran deeply regrets that the Human Rights Council has once again been abused by some arrogant nations against a sovereign United Nations member state that is fully committed to fulfill the obligation to promote and protect human rights,” said Karimi, deputy representative of the Iranian Human Rights Council. Vice President for Women and Family Affairs.
She also accused Western nations of ignoring human rights violations in Yemen and the occupied countries. Palestinian territories.
She added: “It is appalling and shameful to reduce the general cause of human rights to a tool for the political ends of specific groups in Western countries.
The resolution introduced by Germany and Iceland requires Tehran to cooperate with the UN Human Rights Council’s special rapporteur on Iran, including allowing access to areas inside Iranian territory, such as detention place.
It is expected that the group will report back to the council in mid-2023.
German Foreign Minister Annalena Baerbock called on all countries to support an independent investigation to ensure “those responsible are held accountable”.
“If we don’t gather evidence today… justice will never come to the victims,” Baerbock said.