Unprecedented global challenges are ‘insurmountable’ – UN chief |

“In addition to the three-planet crisis of climate disruption, air pollution and biodiversity loss, and the enormous suffering caused by COVID-19 pandemic, conflict is raging all over the world”, said Secretary General António Guterres.

The effects of the war in Ukraine are contributing to rising food and energy prices, which are affecting vulnerable developing countries the most, he added, “but while the problems before us are unprecedented, they are not insurmountable”.

The forecast is gloomy

Mr. Guterres painted a bleak picture of “unabundant and growing” global shocks, and a world economy in which “developing countries are being squeezed” as variations New COVID once again disrupts lives, throws “ Agenda 2030 and Sustainable development goals (SDGs)… go astray”.

Meanwhile, climate catastrophe is “increasing by the day” as global greenhouse gas emissions are “at the highest level in human history – and increasing”.

And the risk of a nuclear confrontation is “more intense than in decades”.

“Business as usual will almost certainly ensure a future of constant crises and devastating risks,” the UN chief said.

‘Are we awake yet?’

The report provides a framework and opportunity to “unite the international community on solutions to this situation,” he said.

“Our joint agenda is designed as a wake-up call. A year on, we have to ask ourselves: have we woken up yet? “.

It proposes a new global agreement to divide disparate powers and resources and re-establish social contracts to better manage future global shocks and crises.

The Head of the United Nations updated Member States on the parts of the Agenda that had been lobbied for, including the “very advanced” preparations for the Transitional Education Summit in September.

“The largest ever gathering of learners and teachers will provide an opportunity to mobilize ambition, action, solidarity and solutions; to re-imagine education systems suitable for the future; and to give new impetus to SDG4 and the 2030 Agenda as a whole,” said the Secretary-General, noting that the Summit in June had been “a remarkable success”.

And in September, he will speak on reforming the international financial architecture “to address historical weaknesses and inequalities,” which will include short-term actions for immediate relief. news for developing countries and long-term measures to ensure resilience.

Legend of change

The UN’s “Five Agenda for Change” is promoting a “new culture and new capacity” in the areas of data, digital, innovation, behavioral science and strategic vision. comb.

New initiatives are being launched to “unleash the potential of data for people, the planet and the SDGs”, he said, pointing to the United Nations Behavioral Science Week, which has attracted thousands of people on how to turn the scientific method into impact, and Future Labs to reinforce the long-term-term results of programs.

“Last week, the General Assembly adopted a historic resolution declaring the right to a clean, healthy and sustainable environment, demonstrating your commitment to this important goal,” continued the Secretary-General. customary.

Summit of the future

He detailed the planned Summit in the future, describing it as “a once-in-a-generation opportunity to re-create global momentum, adhere to the fundamentals, and thrive.” further the frameworks of multilateralism so that they are relevant to the future”.

Human rights and gender equality will be cross-cutting themes, with a consistent focus on a new social contract that includes disadvantaged groups.

“Including multiple voices is not only the right thing to do, but also the only way for us to reach meaningful solutions,” he said.

Women in the Rio Negro prepare the land to plant trees.

UNHCR / Diego Moreno

Women in the Rio Negro prepare the land to plant trees.

The Treaty of Leaders

The head of the United Nations hopes that the Summit will reach an Intergovernmental Negotiated Leaders Pact for the Future to “restore the multilateral system and make it relevant to the challenges of the future.” of today and tomorrow”.

It should refocus efforts on existing climate commitments; address threats to international peace and security; realizing ambitions for human rights, international justice and gender equality, including the protection of rights in the digital space.

“The Treaty for the Future must demonstrate to the world that while we face tough challenges, we can overcome them with global cooperation, compromise and solidarity,” he said. .

The Secretary-General set out the proposed options for and possible outcomes of the Treaty, beginning with the New Agenda for Peace to better address “all forms and sectors of conflicts.” threat” and prevent the outbreak and escalation of hostilities on land, at sea, and in space. and in cyberspace.

His second proposal, the Global Digital Compact, seeks an open, free and secure digital future and his third, the Future Generations Declaration, includes the establish mechanisms to consider their needs as well as a private envoy.

Stop the arms race in space

He hopes that the Summit will reach a high-level political agreement on the peaceful use of outer space, his fourth proposal, which includes a commitment to negotiate an international instrument to prevent an arms race there.

An urgent platform to manage future global crises “rapidly, in coordination” was his fifth proposal, which said the United Nations was uniquely placed to manage it.

“The world has paid a heavy price for our exceptional responses to recent global shocks… No single organization exists to bring together stakeholders in the event of one happening. such a global crisis”.

Despite the success of the Black Sea Grains Initiative, he stressed: “We still don’t have the necessary mechanism.”

Double Summit

Finally, he made connections between the proposed Future Summit and next year’s SDG Summit in New York, to “rescue the SDGs”.

The Twin Summit aims to facilitate an inclusive, sustainable future, together with Paris Agreement on climate change, is “our last, best chance to respond to people’s need for a multilateral system that manages and addresses global challenges in a timely, efficient and effective manner.” equal”.

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