Starting his synopsis with a broader perspective, Wairimu Nderitu said that hateful and controversial stories that form after an increase in hostility, violence and discrimination, can have ” devastating impact” on society at large.
“We saw that lead up to the Holocaust, in Rwanda in 1994,” she said, and also during the ethnic conflict in Bosnia between Muslims, Serbs and Croats in the mid-1990s, reminds us that “ending war requires sustained action,” including countering aggressive rhetoric, hate speech online and offline, and violations of image rights. affect lives and livelihoods.
A senior United Nations official recounted that Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide, which in 1948, “emerged from the shadows of the Holocaust,” were defined as punishable offenses, conspiracy to commit genocide, direct and public incitement to commit genocide, attempted genocide and complicity in genocide.
“This was done entirely in connection with the essential freedom of expression enshrined in international human rights law,” she said.
The focus is on Ukraine
Turning in particular to Ukraine, Ms. Nderitu emphasized the important regional and international role in resolving the ongoing humanitarian crisis, while stressing the importance of all countries in complying with the law. international humanitarian law and principles, international human rights.
The Special Counsel recalled the Secretary-General’s visit to the region, her call for an end to hostilities and her office’s work in supporting intercommunal dialogue efforts with the UN Country Team there.
Meanwhile, “the situation continues to deteriorate,” prompting the Special Counsel to call on all influencers to “redouble their efforts to contribute to the restoration of peace.”
She urged religious leaders to use their influence to support efforts to resolve the ongoing conflict, not exaggerate it any further, and reminded that international law prohibits the promotion of ethnic, racial or religious hatred intended to incite discrimination, hostility or violence. .
The solution is possible with everyone’s commitment – UN Special Advisor
‘We have to work harder’
On charges that could constitute war crimes and genocide in Ukraine, she said that could only be decided “by a competent court”, adding that her office “does not carry out criminal investigations on specific or past cases”.
While her role as Special Counsel is preventive rather than adjudicated, she again called for “an end to this war, to ensure the protection of civilians, and to accelerate diplomatic efforts to make both Anything can happen.”
“Prevention is focused on the future and the past, and the growing hostility in the face of this war means we have to work harder to protect everyone,” she said. ,” she said.
She called on the Council and stakeholders to “state an overarching vision, propose a road map… not indifferent to injustice”.
However, she reminded that “a solution is possible with everyone’s commitment”, but continued delay “continues the escalation of human suffering”.
Liubov Tsybulska, director of the Center for Strategic Communications and Information Security, a think tank set up by the Ukrainian government, says that “thousands” of evidence currently point to Russian war crimes.
She also cited “genocide rhetoric” gathered from the Russian media insinuating that Ukraine is a “fake country” that does not “deserve to exist”.
Recalling Soviet-era tactics to starve enemies, she accused Russia of “causing famine”, and said some Russian troops were expressing “pride and approval” at the abuses. use is performed.
Ms. Tsybulska highlighted what she said were attempts to destroy Ukrainian culture and wondered: “Why do the Russians hate us?”.
Jared Cohen, CEO of Jigsaw and senior fellow in support at the American Council on Foreign Relations, spoke in depth about cyberwarfare and how it was waged during the Ukraine war.
“Like air, land and sea, the internet has become an important area to occupy during the war,” he said, describing what Ukraine has experienced so far, like “a crystal ball of what might happen” in the future.
He focuses on “attack vectors”, including on critical infrastructure, through “traditional hacking”; distributed denial of service (DDoS) attacks or malicious attempts to disrupt normal website traffic; and medium to large scale – or “microflood” – attacks can greatly increase the complexity of attacks.
Mr. Cohen pointed to an online effort to sabotage the Ukrainian government and leadership.
For example, “profound falsifications of alleged cocaine addiction were used to concede and fuel a harassment campaign against the President.” [Volodymyr] Zelenskyy” to discredit himself, in an attempt to support Russia, he said.
© UNICEF / Ashley Gilbertson