MADRID, September 20 (IPS) – Day after day, the world’s scientific community, based on solid investigations, conducts dozens of studies identifying the causes of existing emergencies without humanity has to face. They also prepare understandable summaries and conclusions, and suggest possible solutions to current crises and ways to avert major risks in the future.
Such studies are rapidly submitted to politicians, both directly and through hundreds of summits, conferences, forums and meetings.
They just can’t read and understand these texts?
If so, they should probably be added to the embarrassing finding that up to 70% of children – or nearly 250 million – are illiterate, condemned for ignorance as revealed by many findings, including those of Education Can’t Wait (ECW), the UN’s global fund for education in emergencies and protracted crises.
Meanwhile, the world is “entering a new era with unpredictable risks”, while deepening crises have “pushed nine out of ten countries backward in human development”. “.
Both events show the failure of the world’s politicians to act for the people rather than announce decisions that ultimately benefit large private businesses.
Two major reports revealed such a fatal failure. One of them was released on September 8, 2022 by UNDP–United Nations Development Program Human Development Report: “Uncertain Times, Unstable Life: Shaping Our Future in a Changing World. “
Others “Peaceful environment: Security in a new era of riskPublished on 23 May this year by the prestigious Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI).
“World leaders are unprepared for a new era of complex and often unpredictable risks to peace as profound environmental and security crises converge and intensify,” SIPRI said. , an independent international institute specializing in the study of conflict, weapons, control and disarmament.
Its report paints a vivid picture of the escalating security crisis. For example, it notes that between 2010 and 2020, the number of armed conflicts on a state basis nearly doubled (to 56), as did the number of deaths in the conflict.
“The number of refugees and other forced displacement also doubled, to 82.4 million. In 2020, the number of deployed nuclear warheads has increased after years of cuts, and in 2021, military spending will surpass $2 trillion for the first time. “
Regarding the environmental crisis, SIPRI warns that about a quarter of species are at risk of extinction, insect pollinators are rapidly declining and soil quality is declining, while the exploitation of natural resources such as forests and fish continue to be at unsustainable levels.
“Climate change is making extreme weather events such as hurricanes and heat waves more common and intense, reducing yields of major food crops and increasing the risk of widespread crop failure.” .
Uncertain times, uncertain life
About me, Human Development Report warns that the world is whirling from crisis to crisis, caught in the cycle of war and unable to address the root causes of the world’s troubles.
The report argues that “layers of uncertainty are stacking and interacting with volatile life in unprecedented ways”.
The past two years have had a devastating impact on billions of people around the world, as crises such as COVID-19 and the war in Ukraine have sprung up, and interacted with profound social and economic changes. wide, dangerous planetary changes and increasing polarization, UNDP said.
“Of course, without obvious change, we could be heading towards further deprivations and injustices.”
For the first time in 32 years, the Human Development Index, a measure of a country’s health, education and standard of living, has fallen globally for two consecutive years.
Universal reversal of human development
The reversal is nearly universal as more than 90% of countries record a decline in their Human Development Index scores in 2020 or 2021 and more than 40% have declined in both years, signaling that the The crisis is still deepening for many.”
While some countries are starting to regain their footing, it added, “the recovery has been uneven and partial, fueling inequalities in human development.” Latin America, the Caribbean, sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia have been particularly hard hit.
“The world is scrambling to respond to successive crises. “We have seen cost-of-living and energy crises, despite wanting to focus on quick-fix solutions like fossil fuel subsidies,” said Achim Steiner, UNDP Administrator. , but immediate relief tactics are delaying the long-term systemic changes we have to make.
“We were both paralyzed in making these changes. In a world defined by uncertainty, we need a new sense of global solidarity to tackle our interconnected challenges. “
The report explores why the change needed is not happening and reveals many reasons, including the way insecurity and polarization are corroding each other today to prevent solidarity and action. collectively to tackle crises at all levels.
Security and political extremism
For example, new calculations show that those who feel the most insecure are also more likely to have extreme political views, it also revealed.
“Even before COVID-19 hit, we saw the parallel paradox of progress with insecurity and polarization. Today, with a third of people worldwide feeling stressed and less than a third of people worldwide trusting others, we face major obstacles in implementing policies. consistent with the people and the planet,” said Achim Steiner.
To chart a new path, the report recommends implementing policies focused on investment – from renewable energy to pandemic preparedness and insurance – including social protection – to prepare our society for the vicissitudes of an uncertain world.
Climate and armed conflict
The environmental crisis is increasing risks to security and peace worldwide, especially in already fragile countries, SIPRI’s explains. Peaceful environment – Security in a new era full of risks.
Indicators of insecurity such as the number of conflicts, the number of hungry people and military spending are increasing; SIPRI warns of indicators of environmental deterioration, climate change, biodiversity, pollution and other areas.
“Combined, security and environmental crises are creating complex, stratified, emergent, systemic and existential risks. Without profound changes in the approach of the authorities, risks are bound to multiply rapidly.”
Evidence shows that politicians are able to read and understand such texts written by economic, financial and market experts.
Meanwhile, despite the above and other readable – and conceivable texts, they seem to continue to ignore an essential fact, i.e., ‘By deliberately ignoring risk, the world is destroying itself’.
© Inter Press Service (2022) – All rights reservedOrigin: Inter Press Service